The highest densities were recorded in the Accra Metropolitan Assembly, with an overall average of At the community level, densities exceeding persons per hectare occurred mostly in the immigrant and depressed areas in the oldest parts of Accra, such as Accra New Town, Nima, Jamestown and Usshertown.
In higher-income areas, densities ranged between This predominance of young people is not expected to decline in the foreseeable future. This gives a males-to-females ratio of The greater number of females is a reflection of the nationwide trend, where the estimated ratio of males to females is Decentralisation is expected to reduce the migration rates in Accra.
Parts of Central Accra comprise a mixture of very low-density development with under-used service infrastructure on the one hand, high-density development and overstretched infrastructure services on the other.
The growth of Accra has led to the neglect of some of the old settlements, whilst efforts are being made to provide the newly developing suburban areas with services and infrastructure to cater for the needs of the middle-income earners.
Peripheral residential development in Accra barely has sufficient infrastructure to support it. There are also large numbers of uncompleted houses, interspersed with pockets of undeveloped land, which are often subject of litigation, due to the inability of organisations and individuals who own them to complete or develop them due to lack of funds. Housing can be grouped into three broad categories: the low-income, middle-income and high-income areas. Most of Accra's informal businesses are located in low-income areas.
Almost all low-income areas are built up with little room for expansion. This is particularly so in the areas of the inner city. The middle-income areas of Accra are predominantly populated by Ghanaian citizens and business, administrative and professional families. Much of the housing in these areas has been provided by state, parastatal and private sector organisations and individuals.
Usually, these areas, unlike the low-income areas, are planned developments, but are in need of infrastructure services. Building materials and general housing conditions are of better quality. These areas are all planned and have well developed infrastructure with spacious and landscaped ground in sharp contrast with, particularly, the low-income areas.
Buildings are usually built with sandcrete blocks, and have walls and roofed with aluminium, or asbestos roofing sheets. There are also high-income peripheral areas like Haatso, Kwabenya, Pokuase, Adenta, Taifa, Mallam, where development of engineering infrastructure is not yet complete.
These areas developed ahead of infrastructure, however the Achimota-Ofankor controlled-access highway was scheduled to open in May , [ needs update ]   dual carriageway road construction was also due to be completed in Similarly, houses found within Accra have Accra is a centre for manufacturing, marketing, finance, insurance, and transportation.
Its financial sector incorporates a central bank, nine commercial banks with 81 branches , four development banks with 19 branches , four merchant banks with seven branches , three discount houses, one home finance mortgage bank, multiple building societies , Ghana Stock Exchange , foreign exchange bureaus, finance houses, insurance companies, insurance brokerage firms, two savings and loans companies, and numerous real estate developers, with industrial sites and residential developments.
The sectors of Accra's economy consist of the primary, secondary manufacturing, electricity, gas, water, construction and tertiary sectors supermarkets, shopping malls, hotel, restaurant, transportation, storage, communication, financial intermediation, real estate service, public administration, education, health and other social services.
The tertiary service sector is the city's largest, employing about , people. The second-largest, the secondary sector, employs Accra's smallest economic sector, the primary sector, employs approximately 91, people. Urban agriculture in Accra centres on the growth of vegetables, several crops and poultry. The industry is characterised by extreme seasonableness, operating primarily between June and September. Although most deep-water Atlantic fishing around Accra takes place in the June—September period, fishery operations take place close to the shore throughout the year, and there are clear indications of the depletion of fish stocks in the near future.
Fishing operations are most prominent at the Jamestown, La, Teshie, Nungua and Chorkor fishing shores. Pre-school comprises nursery and kindergarten. In , there were 7, children 3, girls and 4, boys in pre-schools in Accra. In , there were 62 government-owned pre-schools in the Accra metropolis.
Primary school enrolment of girls is higher than that of boys. The Junior High School is part of Ghana's basic education program. Its nationwide implementation began on 29 September The transition rate between junior high and senior high school increased from 30 per cent in to 50 per cent in Abelemkpe is the home of Lincoln Community School , a private, non-profit International Baccalaureate IB school for students aged 3—18, established in John's Grammar School ; among others.
The University of Ghana is located 13 kilometres 8. A number of other public and private universities and tertiary institutions have since been founded in Accra, some of which are listed below. See List of hospitals in the Greater Accra Region. Transportation by means of road is the major form of transportation in Accra.
The rail system is not effective and patronised by only a few. It is not common to see trains in town. Recently, plans have been afoot to develop a more advanced rapid transit bus system for the city and its metropolitan area. This project is aimed at creating an "integrated, efficient, cost-effective and sustainable transportation system responsive to the needs of society, and supporting growth". In , the Metro Mass Transit Service , was inaugurated in Accra as a more comfortable and cheaper alternative to the trotro.
The country's first Bus Rapid Transit system is also planned for the city, with the first phase to commence by the end of Accra is connected by railway line to Kumasi and Takoradi. Accra is served by Kotoka International Airport , which has both civil and military uses. There are plans to build a second airport to relieve the aviation pressure on the Kotoka International Airport. Accra has an extensive taxi network and numerous taxi ranks , but most taxis lack a meter system, so price negotiation is required between the passenger and driver.
Metered taxis do operate in the city, but tend to be more expensive. By far the most common form of transport in Accra, tro tros motor vehicles re-purposed for passenger transport is the third biggest, and second most efficient and cost-effective way of getting around the city. The buses are typically minibuses or vans, with the most popular being Nissan Urvan seaters and Mercedes Benz Sprinter or D vans.
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Embassy Accra No. Destination Description. Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements. Safety and Security. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes. While in Ghana, you should: Carry and use insect repellents containing either 20 percent DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR, Treat clothing and tents with permethrin, and Sleep in screened or air conditioned rooms under insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets.
Further health information: World Health Organization U. Travel and Transportation. Remain vigilant, and drive with doors locked and windows up. Best of Shreya Ghoshal. Best of Gurnam Bhullar. Best of Sunidhi Chauhan. Best of Gurnazar. Coca Cola. Aankh Marey. Tujhe Kitna Chahne Lage. Akh Lad Jaave. O Saki Saki. Dekhte Dekhte. More Accra Picks.
Fine dining. Urban Grill. Le Tandem. Le Magellan. Top-rated by travelers. Fiesta Royale Hotel. Shopping Malls. Accra Mall. Junction Mall. Marina Mall. Achimota Retail Centre. Palace Hypermarket. Cheap eats. Papa Cuisine. Ghana has one of the strongest economies in Africa. Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea. It is only a few degrees north of the Equator. This gives it a warm climate. The country has flat plains, low hills and a few rivers.
Ghana can be divided into five different geographical regions. The coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub. It is crossed by several rivers and streams. The northern part of the country has high plains.
Southwest and south central Ghana is made up of a forested plateau region with the Ashanti uplands and the Kwahu Plateau. The hilly Akuapim-Togo ranges are found along the country's eastern border. The Volta Basin also takes up most of central Ghana. Ghana's highest point is Mount Afadjato. There are two main seasons in Ghana: the wet and the dry seasons.
Northern Ghana has its rainy season from March to November. The south, including the capital Accra, has the season from April to mid-November. Ghana is divided into 16 administrative regions, sub-divided into districts:.Ghana’s Year of Return initiative sought to not only carry on this relationship, but expand it. The initiative is a part of a larger strategy to make Ghana less reliant on aid by drawing on.