So geriet seine Messe zu einer faszinierenden Mischung aus Religion und Naturidylle, aus panslawisch-nationalen Ideen und frommem Volkstum. Alle drei finden im Kampf zwischen Russland und Polen den Tod. Ein Chorleiter muss mehr sein als ein Magier mit dem Taktstock. Zudem hat sein Wirken als musikalischer Kommunikator und Motivator eine weitreichende soziale Relevanz. Simon Halsey studierte den Rundfunkchor Berlin ein. Da ist es konsequent, den Chor auch klanglich in den Vordergrund zu stellen, wie es in der Neueinspielung mit dem Rundfunkchor Berlin unter Simon Halsey geschieht.
Rundfunkchor Berlin. Widely acknowledged as one of the peaks of the operatic repertoire, Tristan was notable for Wagner's unprecedented use of chromaticism , tonal ambiguity, orchestral colour and harmonic suspension.
Other composers like Claude Debussy , Maurice Ravel , and Igor Stravinsky formulated their styles in contrast to Wagner's musical legacy. Many see Tristan as the beginning of the move away from common practice harmony and tonality and consider that it lays the groundwork for the direction of classical music in the 20th century.
Wagner was forced to abandon his position as conductor of the Dresden Opera in , as there was a warrant posted for his arrest for his participation in the unsuccessful May Revolution. There, in , he met the wealthy silk trader Otto Wesendonck. Wesendonck became a supporter of Wagner and bankrolled the composer for several years. Wesendonck's wife, Mathilde , became enamoured of the composer. The re-discovery of medieval Germanic poetry, including Gottfried von Strassburg 's version of Tristan, the Nibelungenlied and Wolfram von Eschenbach 's Parzival , left a large impact on the German Romantic movements during the midth century.
Several versions of the story exist, the earliest dating to the middle of the 12th century. Gottfried's version, part of the "courtly" branch of the legend, had a huge influence on later German literature.
According to his autobiography , Mein Leben , Wagner decided to dramatise the Tristan legend after his friend, Karl Ritter, attempted to do so, writing that:. He had, in fact, made a point of giving prominence to the lighter phases of the romance, whereas it was its all-pervading tragedy that impressed me so deeply that I felt convinced it should stand out in bold relief, regardless of minor details.
This influence, together with his discovery of the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer in October , led Wagner to find himself in a "serious mood created by Schopenhauer, which was trying to find ecstatic expression. It was some such mood that inspired the conception of a Tristan und Isolde. Wagner wrote of his preoccupations with Schopenhauer and Tristan in a letter to Franz Liszt December 16, :. Never in my life having enjoyed the true happiness of love I shall erect a memorial to this loveliest of all dreams in which, from the first to the last, love shall, for once, find utter repletion.
By the end of , Wagner had sketched out all three acts of an opera on the Tristan theme, based on Gottfried von Strassburg 's telling of the story. While the earliest extant sketches date from December , it was not until August that Wagner began devoting his attention entirely to the opera, putting aside the composition of Siegfried to do so. On 20 August he began the prose sketch for the opera, and the libretto or poem , as Wagner preferred to call it was completed by September Whether or not this relationship was platonic remains uncertain.
By October , Wagner had begun the composition sketch of the first act. During November, however, he set five of Mathilde's poems to music known today as the Wesendonck Lieder. This was an unusual move by Wagner, who almost never set to music poetic texts other than his own.
From this point on, Wagner finished each act and sent it off for engraving before he started on the next — a remarkable feat given the unprecedented length and complexity of the score. In April Wagner's wife Minna intercepted a note from Wagner to Mathilde and, despite Wagner's protests that she was putting a "vulgar interpretation" on the note, she accused first Wagner and then Mathilde of unfaithfulness.
It was during the absence of the two women that Wagner began the composition sketch of the second act of Tristan. However, Minna's return in July did not clear the air, and on August 17, Wagner was forced to leave both Minna and Mathilde and move to Venice.
Wagner would later describe his last days in Zurich as "a veritable Hell". Minna wrote to Mathilde before departing for Dresden:. I must tell you with a bleeding heart that you have succeeded in separating my husband from me after nearly twenty-two years of marriage.
May this noble deed contribute to your peace of mind, to your happiness. Wagner finished the second act of Tristan during his eight-month exile in Venice, where he lived in the Palazzo Giustinian. In March , fearing extradition to Saxony , where he was still considered a fugitive , Wagner moved to Lucerne where he composed the last act, completing it in August Tristan und Isolde proved to be a difficult opera to stage, and Wagner considered various possibilities for the venue.
In he was invited by a representative of Pedro II , Emperor of Brazil , to stage his operas in Rio de Janeiro in Italian, the language of the Imperial Opera ; he told Liszt he was considering settling in Rio, and that that city would be given the honour of premiering Tristan.
Wagner sent the Emperor bound copies of his earlier operas in expression of his interest, but nothing more came of the plan. Again, the project failed to eventuate. When Wagner visited the Vienna Court Opera to rehearse possible singers for this production, the management at Vienna suggested staging the opera there.
Originally, the tenor Alois Ander was employed to sing the part of Tristan, but later proved incapable of learning the role. Parallel attempts to stage the opera in Dresden, Weimar and Prague failed. Despite over 70 rehearsals between and , Tristan und Isolde was unable to be staged in Vienna, winning the opera a reputation as unperformable. Beginn ist jeweils um und Ab dem Samstag, 8. August Bereits um Sonntag, 9. Diese Seite drucken.
Diese Website verwendet Cookies. Mehr Informationen OK. The record also includes a selected bibliography. German A. Jerry Floyd , a frequent contributor to Wagneropera. It is also the form in which his contemporaneous audience largely had access to, and knew his music. Both versions are legitimate and worth listening to.
This CD includes three numbers from The Ring. He came to Wagner from a life-long involvement with music, as both a performer and a listener. His interest in Freud emerged from his literary studies, as well as an extra-curricular fascination with the evolution of psychoanalysis.
Waltraud Meier surpasses her previous dramatic performances as Isolde in this breathtaking and most moving production. He emphasizes human aspects of the drama and makes Senta the central character, suffering under the narrow-minded bonds and borders og the society she lives in.
The production is very moving - thanks to Lisbeth Balslev, who makes the role of her life. Astonishing music theatre with marvellous scene transitions.
Bayreuther Festspiele. Waltraud Meier, Siegfried Jerusalem. This is a very emotional choice. I saw this marvellous production at Bayreuth in Words cannot explain these rare live music theatre experiences. The claustrophobic sets and the Traumpaar of Waltraud Meier and Siegfried Jerusalem, combined with Daniel Barenboims superb conducting makes this production a must for any Wagner fan. Never have you heard a more emotionally restrained recording or slower of Tristan at the same time producing such an overwhelmingly emotional sound.
I especially like the rhythmic sharpness and the great way Bernstein creates his climaxes. The first act alone of this production deserves a place on such a list. Peter Hofmann, a few years before he was diagnosed with Parkinson, as Siegmund, and Jeannine Altmeyer as Sieglinde, were - and still is - the dream siblings.
Pierre Boulez opened my eyes to a new world of Wagner at a time when I could not imagine that Wagner could sound anything different than the heavy Georg Solti way. Per-Erik Skramstad is the developer and manager of Wagneropera. Tristan und Isolde conductors at Bayreuth.
One of the finest monuments in sound ever to have been raised to the everlasting glory of music. Claude Debussy on Parsifal. Prestige de la Musique, prod. Orchestre du festival de Bayreuth, dir. Orchestre nat. Herbert von Karajan, piano. Orchestre et choeurs du festival de Bayreuth, dir.
Mezzosopran . Anna Deinet. Anton Mitterwurzer. Karl Sommer. Carl Scheidemantel. Ludwig Zottmayr. Karl Heinrich. Adolf Grupp. Karl Simons. Anton Schittenhelm. Peter Hartmann.Richard Wagner () Tristan und Isolde. Dramatische Oper in drei Akten. Bayreuther Festspiele von Naxsos - Historical 3CD´s ADD/m 28 Dirigent: Karl Elmendorff.