The title was introduced in by the Imperial Russian Army. The title was abolished in only for army regiments and would be reintroduced for the Red Army in The position would be toned down until after World War Two , when they gained more significance. The Soviet Armed Forces made sure that the Soviet and later Russian model for drum majors could be differentiated with the Western version.
The Russian model has been used in almost all former Soviet republics the Baltics , Georgia and Ukraine being the exception. All Russian drum majors are trained in military music schools and institutes like the Moscow Military Music College and the College of Military Music and the Institute of Military Band Conductors of the Military University of the Ministry of Defence, who graduate from these with the rank of lieutenant and during parades carry maces with either the service or full dress uniform.
Royal Marines drum majors are now always drawn from the buglers branch and always started their careers as a side drummer titled "bugler" in the Royal Marines, as RM drummers are taught to play the bugle and herald trumpets as well as the drums and are required to have passed a number of courses in music, military skills, and leadership throughout their military careers before being considered for an appointment as a drum major.
Drum majors in Army regimental corps of drums are always drummers, but drum majors in the Corps of Army Music are not required to be, the appointment being held by any suitably qualified musician including a drummer. Royal Air Force drum majors hold the rank of sergeant, chief technician , or flight sergeant with the Senior Drum Major RAF being a warrant officer , and are not required to be drummers.
The insignia of appointment is four point-up chevrons worn on a wrist-strap whilst in shirt-sleeve order, or four large point-up chevrons worn on the uniform sleeve, surmounted by a drum. He is always referred to and addressed as "Drum Major" or "Sir" and not by his rank.
In the RAF, a chief technician wears a four-bladed propeller above the drum, a flight sergeant wears a crown, and a warrant officer wears the royal arms. Drum majors were first introduced when the North American continent was colonized in the 17th century, with drum majors being the standard in fife and drum corps by The United States Armed Forces does not require the drum major to be a drummer, however they must have a knowledge of music and have the ability to teach all aspects of drill and ceremony.
The appointment of drum major falls to senior level NCOs with the rank of staff sergeant onwards. This attraction was formalised when after Amalgamation the Fourth were directed to seek their recruits exclusively from North of the Border.
As a small but significant recognition of all this 4 RTR officers wore black brogues in Barrack and No 2 Dress with effect from 5 November A prescient precedent was set at Hohne on 5 May when fifty six officers of 1 and 4 RTR dined together. Little did we know that thirty two years later the two regiments would be one. Soon the squadrons would be split from Berlin, to Lemgo to Celle. Warrant Officers and Sergeants — Hohne Summer Commanding Officer Lt Col T.
The History of the 4th and 7th Royal Tank Regiments. The Comets were the oldest main battle tanks in service and took some nursing. The Comet had a crew of 5, Commander, gunner, loader operator, driver and lap gunner. The RTR memorial in Whitehall immortalises them. The Hong Kong training area was small and limited but not without its hazards!
Our Comets were lively. Part of the Coronation Celebrations involved the Regiment parading on foot. Front Row. The Seventh had a very successful football team… …And a good Rugby fifteen. Many German vehicles were burning, troop carriers with infantry were moving West on the road and we engaged them successfully. We were ordered to cross the main road.
Before crossing the railway we came across isolated groups of our own infantry — DLI and not the ones we were supposed to work with — and also saw and had a half-hearted battle with what turned out to be French tanks sitting in the open on the high ground yards west of ACHICOURT. I was entirely on my own as the other troops had not caught up.
I fired back and the car burst into flames. One of the crew must have had guts, as although wounded he continued to fire as I closed in and eventually I saw him climb out and fall into the gutter, badly burned. I moved past the blazing armoured car nearly up to the cross-roads in the village which was full of German infantry.
There was a lot of traffic darting across the crossroads from South to North and which we engaged with varying success. When occupied with this we were engaged at short range by a 37mm A Tk Gun, again with no effect, which had been pushed around the corner of a house by German infantry.
This was followed by a shower of grenades which landed on the tank. He chased them into a cul de sac where they disappeared into a barn. He put several. Some fifty fully armed infantrymen threw down their weapons and surrendered. Having only his driver with him this presented a problem of control, but he picked up a lone surviving DLI infantryman and sat him on the side of the tank pointing his. This extraordinary action was recorded in a painting commissioned by his son.
It had been a very close thing and Lt Most was killed in the process. He was buried with the Seventh crews in the Wailly Cemetery. Meanwhile the Fourth, reaching the valley below Telegraph Hill, came under sustained mm fire. Lt Peter Vaux, finding that he could not raise the CO who, it will be remembered, was in one of his Recce Tp tanks , was called down into the valley by the Adjutant.
His moving account of this moment in the battle is attached as Annex A to this history. Having helped the Adjutant Capt Cracroft to destroy some of the German A Tk guns and infantry hiding in the forward edge of the wood, they withdrew under heavy fire.
They were subjected to dive bombing and attack by tanks from 5 Pz Div which they successfully drove off. The Seventh War Diary records that by this stage they had four officers killed, four wounded and three missing, and twenty five other ranks killed, ten wounded and sixteen missing. Lt Vaux and his driver, Cpl Burroughs, with Major Fernie on board, became separated from the remnant of the Fourth and survived a series of hair-raising escapes.
Surrounded by German units, and with no ammunition or fuel left, they destroyed their tank to prevent capture and set out to escape. Eventually, having killed a German officer in a face to face shoot-out, and having swum across a river during which Cpl Burroughs was drowned, Lt Vaux reached a French unit and was evacuated. In this baptism of fire the Fourth and Seventh crews had proved themselves more than a match for the enemy, but attrition had reduced the two Regiments effectively to one squadron.
Rommel, well forward, was convinced then and thereafter that the British force was much larger than in fact it had been. The Arras counter attack had consequences far beyond and above the units involved.
It was caused by a British counter-stroke southwards from Arras on May For a short time it was feared that the panzer divisions would be cut off before the infantry divisions could come up to support them. None of the French counter attacks carried any serious threat such as this one did. On 22 May the exhausted remnants of both regiments rested and refitted under cover of the Vimy Ridge woods overlooking Souchez. Others crossed the channel on the King Orry, another former Isle-of-Man steam packet.
Shelled from the shore and strafed by up to 6 Messerschmitt fighters, RSM Sinclair featured in slide 8 of Chapter 2 was among the 23 killed. Most of the dead were buried near Dover. The composite force under Major George Parkes fought a series of delaying actions including a desperate counter-attack at La Bassee. Thereafter despite very heavy A Tk fire the remaining tanks advanced between Violaines and La Bassee to help in the extraction of 1 Cameron Highlanders.
Soon six Mk1Matildas were on fire. Sgt Strickland and his driver removed the A Tk gun firing pin and threw it into a deep ditch. Actually it was rather more direct than that; the CO was told by the Colonels Commandant in writing on 28 July. By all means have as many pipers as you like playing at concerts or in the canteen but you must never have one on parade.
It would be as offensive to Royal Tank Regiment tradition as it would be to Scottish regiments. It was evident that we had to be very patient, while advancing more discreetly towards our objective. In mid April the Commanding Officer felt sufficiently confident to issue Pipe Sergeant Elder with formal instructions to form the Pipes and Drums.
In the event both were achieved. Among those present were some of our most distinguished senior officers. It could have been seen as an act of defiance; mercifully it was not.
The artist is Simon Dyer. Elizabeth of Kilravock loving it.The name derives from the time when Lord George Douglas, created Earl of Dumbarton in , was Colonel, and the Regiment was known as "Dumbarton's Regiment". "Dumbarton's Drums" is played by the combined band, pipes and drums. When, however, Royalty is present on parade "The Daughter of the Regiment" is also played.